What is Protein and why it is needed?
Proteins are large complex molecules that do most of the work and are required for the function of body tissue and organs. Protein is further broken down into amino acids. 20 different types of amino acids are combined to make protein. Protein is vital for muscles, skin, hormones, and enzymes. Protein brings oxygen and iron to muscle and thereby helps in recovering faster
When the body does not have an adequate amount of protein to carry out its functions smoothly, it results in protein deficiency and may lead to fatal diseases
Some shocking Facts:
Nearly 95% of Indian mothers know of protein as a macro-nutrient but only 3% understand its important functions and why one should consume it.
The Indian Market Research Bureau suggests that protein deficiency in Indians is more than 80%, and as per the recent National Sample Survey, India has to decline in per capita protein consumption in both urban and rural areas.
ICMR has suggested that 1gm protein per kg of body weight is needed for a healthy body. The majority of Indians suffer from protein deficiency because of vegetarian or casual vegetarianism; also there is a lack of awareness about plant-based protein and a compulsive belief that the vegetarian diet does not offer a complete protein quota, which is untrue.
ADVERSE EFFECT DUE TO PROTEIN DEFICIENCY:
Protein deficiency affects all body functions, the low protein intake causes several serious ailments two of such are Kwashiorkor and Marasmus. The body always gives signals beforehand for any ailment so if you notice a change in appetite, immunity is disoriented, effect on bone health or density, loss of muscle mass, fatty liver, swollen and puffy skin, depigmentation, hair loss, and brittle nails, all these are a major symptom of protein deficiency and should be taken seriously.
Infants and children are most affected. The patients see massive weight loss and dehydration, they appear bony and with little muscle tissue
In this disease, the body has fluid retention, the patient seems fluffy from the abdomen part and is not able to gain weight. The hands and feet seem swollen and the body looks malnourished
Impaired Mental Health:
Protein inadequacy for long duration influences psychological well-being. It effects mostly youngsters and may cause tension, sorrow, and crankiness.
Protein is vital for carrying out body functions and affects growth and maintenance. With the deficiency of protein, few of the organs work improperly.
Weak Immune System:
Protein is responsible for the creation of antibodies and with inadequate protein the body loses its strength to act defensive against external attacks and be more prone to getting diseased.
How to Overcome Protein Deficiency?
If you have a protein deficiency your doctor might recommend increasing your intake of protein-containing foods, like:
- Nuts and seeds such as almonds, pistachios, cashews, and flax seeds.
- Legumes, such as lentils and beans.
Or, you can intake protein shakes that can help you recover from protein deficiency fast. you can check best vegan protein powder here
Further, it should be known that not everyone requires the same amount of protein. The requirement depends on body weight, physical activity, age, and muscle mass. Protein adequacy should be maintained through a healthy diet and taking the necessary steps for enhancing protein absorption. Also, knowledge of protein-enhancing foods is a must with proper understanding.